History

The creation of Kra Daadi district was approved by the Arunachal Pradesh government. The state assembly on march 2013 passed the Arunachal Pradesh (Reorganization of Districts) (Ammendment) Bill, 2013 paving the way for creation of Kra Daadi along with three other new districts in the state.

Kra Daadi was inaugurated by the then Chief Minister Nabam Tuki as the 19th district of Arunachal Pradesh on 7 February 2015.

History of Nyishi Tribe

The oral sources aptly mention that the Nyishis had migrated from the north. They referred the crossing of a mighty river named Supung, which probably might be a river Tsangpo in China. Oral source revealed that they left the place and migrated towards present territory before the advent of Buddhism in China and Tibet. This is fact that Buddhism has no influence on Nyishis. After crossing the high ridges corresponding to the international boundary, they moved towards different directions in batches or small groups precisely on the basis of lineage and clan. This is why they spread over five different districts in the central belt of the state. The Nyishi were already there in the hills and peripheral of the plain land in Assam prior to their arrival.

Nyishi, believes that they are the descendants of Abo Tani. That is why Nyishi, Adi, Gallo, Tagin, Apatani, of state and Mishings of Assam called themselves as Tani Group of Tribes. By nature Nyishis, are conscientious, confident, sturdy, brave, courageous, industrious, simple and straightforward. However, due to the variations of topographical features and climatic conditions, their physical stature, dress, phonetic accent of language etc. vary slightly from one region to the other. But because of the same racial blood, more or less their temperament, attitude and mentality are almost similar.

In the beginning, out of nothingness the universe was created by Jingbu Pabu Abu (Almighty). It is believed that, Jingbu-Pabu Abu invoked the power through different supernatural means to create and evolve the present-day universe. All living creatures including man were created and the Abo Tani was the progeny of the first human being on the earth. After the completion of the process of creation of universe and its different components, Jingbu-Pabu Abu the creator disappeared from the scene.

One striking feature of Nyishi society is that it is neither based on caste system nor stratified into classes, except a loose type of social distinction, which is not determined by birth or occupation. They evolved broad base family organization and a joint” and extended family norms which still exist but altogether in changed forms. As indicated above, Nyishis are divided into five major phratries based on lineage called Hosa (Identification through descendent of same forefather) namely Dopum, Dodum, Dolu, Hagung and Anyia Hari. The phratry system and for that matter clan division is mainly important on social and religious aspects. The most striking feature is that the members of same phratry and clan would help and co-operate one another in socio religious functions and they would share the blood and heart of a sacrificed or killed animal as a bond of brotherhood what may be called Uyi Haa Debam Nam. However, beyond this, it does not insist on same habitat nor forges separate political entity nor requires practicing similar pattern of economic activities.

In ideological term, the Nyishis consider the women as the source of peace, progress and prosperity. According to them, the importance status of women increases and binds through an established ‘reciprocal marital exchange’ system in the society. Men always consult all sensible matter or seek advice from their women counterpart before taking any important decision. Clan exogamy and tribe endogamy was the law of marriage. A reciprocal exchanges between both the parties i.e. the bride and the groom, actually bind them in more strict terms than one could imagine because it works as a renewing force through which the relationship continues from generations together.

Clan is a very important component in the structural organization of the tribal society relating to marriage and breach of the clan rule is considered to be a serious offence. If its happen, such couple is not allow to attend in auspicious of occasion like marriage ceremony, clan Yullo (puja) Nyokum Yullo, Longte Yullo, Boori Yullo, etc even they cannot eat any item prepare in such occasion.